Lear is so strongly associated with the limerick that it is surprising to learn that he did not invent the form himself. A year later, the publisher John Marshall brought out an imitation: Anecdotes and Adventures of Fifteen Gentlemen , which inspired Lear to write his own comic rhymes using the same verse form. Lear continued to write limericks and published a second volume in The edition shown here is the third edition, published in time for Christmas in by Routledge, Warne and Routledge.
The popularity of his limericks and other comic verses is a landmark in the acceptance of nonsense in writing for children. Professor Kimberley Reynolds explores how Lewis Carroll transformed logic, literary traditions and ideas about childhood into the superbly inventive and irreverent Alice's Adventures in Wonderland.
Throughout his life, he continued to paint seriously. He had a lifelong ambition to illustrate Tennyson 's poems; near the end of his life, a volume with a small number of illustrations was published. In personal notes, together with drawings, Lear gathered his impressions on the Italian way of life, folk traditions, and the beauty of the ancient monuments.
Of particular interest to Lear was the Abruzzo , which he visited in , through the Marsica Celano, Avezzano, Alba Fucens , Trasacco and the plateau of Cinque Miglia Castel di Sangro and Alfedena , by an old sheep track of the shepherds.
The Book of Nonsense
Lear drew a sketch of the medieval village of Albe with Mount Sirente, and described the medieval village of Celano, with the castle of Piccolomini dominating the vast plain of Lago Fucino, which was drained a few years later to promote agricultural development. At Castel di Sangro, Lear described the winter stillness of the mountains and the beautiful basilica.
Lear primarily played the piano, but he also played the accordion, flute, and guitar. He published four settings in , five in , and three in Lear's were the only musical settings that Tennyson approved of. While he never played professionally, he did perform his own nonsense songs and his settings of others' poetry at countless social gatherings, sometimes adding his own lyrics as with the song "The Nervous Family" , and sometimes replacing serious lyrics with nursery rhymes.
Lear's most fervent and painful friendship was with Franklin Lushington. He met the young barrister in Malta in and then toured southern Greece with him.
Lear developed an infatuation for him that Lushington did not wholly reciprocate. Although they remained friends for almost forty years, until Lear's death, the disparity of their feelings constantly tormented Lear. Indeed, Lear's attempts at male companionship were not always successful; the very intensity of Lear's affections may have doomed these relationships.
The closest he came to marriage was two proposals, both to the same woman 46 years his junior, which were not accepted. For companions, he relied instead on friends and correspondents, and especially, during later life, on his Albanian Souliote chef, Giorgis, a faithful friend and, as Lear complained, a thoroughly unsatisfactory chef. Lear travelled widely throughout his life and eventually settled in San Remo , on his beloved Mediterranean coast, in the s, at a villa he named "Villa Tennyson. After a long decline in his health, Lear died at his villa in of heart disease , from which he had suffered since at least Lear's funeral was said to be a sad, lonely affair by the wife of Dr.
Hassall, Lear's physician, none of Lear's many lifelong friends being able to attend. Lear is buried in the Cemetery Foce in San Remo. The centenary of his death was marked in Britain with a set of Royal Mail stamps in and an exhibition at the Royal Academy. Lear's birthplace area is now marked with a plaque at Bowman's Mews, Islington, in London, and his bicentenary during was celebrated with a variety of events, exhibitions and lectures in venues across the world including an International Owl and Pussycat Day on his birth anniversary.
In Lear published A Book of Nonsense , a volume of limericks which went through three editions and helped popularize the form and the genre of literary nonsense. In he published Nonsense Songs, Stories, Botany and Alphabets , which included his most famous nonsense song, The Owl and the Pussycat , which he wrote for the children of his patron Edward Stanley, 13th Earl of Derby.
Many other works followed. Lear's nonsense books were quite popular during his lifetime, but a rumour developed that "Edward Lear" was merely a pseudonym, and the books' true author was the man to whom Lear had dedicated the works, his patron the Earl of Derby.
A Book of Nonsense by Edward Lear - The British Library
Promoters of this rumour offered as evidence that both men were named Edward, and that "Lear" is an anagram of "Earl. Lear's nonsense works are distinguished by a facility of verbal invention and a poet's delight in the sounds of words, both real and imaginary. A stuffed rhinoceros becomes a "diaphanous doorscraper.
One of his most famous verbal inventions, the phrase " runcible spoon," occurs in the closing lines of The Owl and the Pussycat , and is now found in many English dictionaries:. Though famous for his neologisms , Lear used a number of other devices in his works in order to defy reader expectations. For example, "Cold Are the Crabs"  conforms to the sonnet tradition until its dramatically foreshortened last line.
Today, limericks are invariably typeset as four plus one lines. Lear's limericks, however, were published in a variety of formats; it appears that Lear wrote them in manuscript in as many lines as there was room for beneath the picture. For the first three editions, most are typeset as, respectively, two, five, and three lines. The cover of one edition  bears an entire limerick typeset in two lines:. In Lear's limericks, the first and last lines usually end with the same word rather than rhyming. For the most part they are truly nonsensical and devoid of any punch line or point.
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Nonsense verses, English. Limericks, Juvenile. Review by Theresa Yauk. Some think him ill-tempered and queer, But a few think him pleasant enough. His mind is concrete and fastidious, His nose is remarkably big; His visage is more or less hideous, His beard it resembles a wig.
Colour Book of Nonsense
This multimedia set celebrates the th anniversary of the publication of Lear's first Book of Nonsense, -- evidence of the timeless appeal of Lear's work. The attractive hard-cover book includes Lear's simple and comic black-and-white illustrations. The accompanying CD contains narration of all the verse contained in the book, read beautifully by Yonny Lucas.
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The music contained on these tracks is appropriate for the verse, and is very upbeat and engaging.